What is a collocation? Well, in grammar terms, it means two words that must go together, specifically a verb + a noun. Think of them like best friends, or an inseparable couple. They always want to be together, and if they're not, well, the sentence won't be correct. The trouble with these word combinations is that there are so many of them that it's really not feasible to try to memorize them all. Thankfully, there are some general rules that you can follow that will help you in most cases, and for the rest, well, practice makes better!
Do - go - play + sport/activity
Do - a sport or activity that you do only with your body
Go - a sport or activity that ends with -ing
Play - a sport that requires a ball or similar
Yoga and pilates
Karate (and all martial arts)
Exercise or physical activity
Sit ups/push ups
Running or jogging
Biking or cycling
Skiing and snowboarding
Walking, hiking, trekking
Tennis, padel, squash
Catch (giocare a palla)
The most commonly used collocations
As I said earlier, it would be impossible to list every collocation here, but I'll give you some of the most commonly used ones here below. The good thing is that many nouns that are similar use the same verb, so even if I only list one noun, if it has a synonym, it probably uses the same verb, for example, "make noise" and "make a sound".
Routine vocabulary and collocations
I get up very early in the morning and do some exercise. Then I have/take a shower and have/eat breakfast. I make my bed and sometimes I do the laundry. I have lessons in the morning, and when I finish, I prepare/make lunch and take a short break, but I never have a nap. In the afternoon I have more lessons, and when I finish, I go to the gym to do Muy Thai. Afterwards, I have dinner and do the dishes. On the weekends, I often go trekking or walking with my dog. Sometimes I see/meet my friends. When I can, I take a trip to another city to go sightseeing. During the summer, I often catch/take a plane to go and visit my family or friends. I love having the chance/opportunity to visit them!
So, while this post is far from exhaustive, I hope it's made you stop to think about the importance of using the correct verb with the correct noun. Often, people want to translate directly from their first language, which sometimes works, but many times it doesn't. This is especially tricky with the English verbs do and make. If you'd like to review the difference between these two verbs, check out this post: Make or do? Over the next few weeks, as you hopefully start to take advantage of the winter weather and perhaps having a little more free time, think about the activities you will do and what verbs go with them!
inseparable: two things, animals or people that are always together
feasible: synonym for possible
do the laundry: wash and dry clothes
do the dishes: clean plates, cups, silverware etc.
exhaustive: synonym for complete